Syllabus

The Course comprises of the following four modules - [I] Resource Management Practices [II] Sustainable Land Management [III] Sustainable Water Management [IV] Restoration and Conservation of Eco-systems Module Details   [I] Resource Management Practices Rationale:
As sustainable development is national policy, a holistic approach to any problem is a basic necessity. This module which discusses basic concepts of social, natural and management sciences is aimed at changing the mindset of the student so that professionals such as engineers and technologists understand social and environmental impacts of their actions and social scientists, economists etc. appreciate technical and ecological niceties. This module is, therefore, relevant to any occupation.

Objectives:
This module imparts to the student all the basics necessary to obtain a holistic approach. It breaks down compartmentalization of knowledge, reveals links between different disciplines and promotes solutions which reconcile interests of nature and human beings. Such a holistic approach is necessary for sustainable development.

Contents:
•    Perspective in Evolution  
•    Modern Age
•    Modern Age and Environmentalism
•    Indian Perspectives   
•    Ecology and Management of Resources
•    Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development
•    Mountain Eco-system

Practicals:
•    Landscape Interpretation
•    Study of Geological Features
•    Survey of Village Market

Field Camps:
•    Himalaya -
1.    Study of Flora, Biomass  Measurement
2.    Study of Bird Life and other Fauna
3.    Survey of Use of Natural Resources by Indigenous Communities


[II] Sustainable Land Management
Rationale:
This module is the center piece of the entire course as it analyses the functioning of different eco-systems. The student understands the cogs and links that make up the eco-system. Through field work and practicals the student becomes familiar with field problems and intricacies. This module is therefore one further step towards an occupational career built around sustainable management of natural resources.

Objective:
This module furnishes to the student all the essential ecological inputs about the present status and functioning of different tropical eco-systems with special reference to Indian conditions. The student is then exposed to the present practices of utilization of these eco-systems to satisfy human needs. The student then appreciates the difference between the present practices and practices based on ecological considerations. The latter are more relevant and important for the policy of sustainable development. Understanding the functioning of different eco-systems in the tropics and the difference between current practices and ecological inputs are needed to better understand the principles and techniques of sustainable management of natural resources.

Contents:
•    Ecology of Tropical Eco-systems
•    Eco-systems and the context of Economic Development in India
•    Agriculture and Resource Use
•    Grasslands
•    Forests in India
•    Biodiversity and Wildlife Management in India

Practicals:
•    Study of Landscape Features and Soil Profile
•    Map Reading
•    Visit to Bhimashankar - Study of Forest Ecosystem

Field Camps:
•    Phaltan - Study of Grassland Ecosystem Grassland camp Grassland Camp

[III] Sustainable Water Management
Rationale:  
As sustainable development is national policy, a holistic approach to any problem is a basic necessity. This module discusses a major resource “water” in a totally different perspective. Instead of just managing the production pattern, it involves consideration of river ecology for its equitable use and management. It gives insight to engineers and students about how to implement ecological solutions in watershed development along with engineering methods. This module in present scenario is very much relevant as water has become a subject of national concern. It empowers students to master alternative water management techniques.

Objective:
This module explains to the student where the basic problem of water lies. It shows solution and alternatives to present problems of water management. This will lead to co-operation between various disciplines and help in solving problems of distribution of water. This training will lead to restoration of traditional water systems and sustainable development of water resources.

Contents:
•    Water     
•    Traditional Water Management
•    Modern Water Management in India
•    Alternative Water Management
•    Watershed Development
•    Marine Eco-system

Practicals:
•    Study of Pond Ecosystem
•    Visit to Wetland - Study of Wetland Vegetation and Fauna
•    Visit to Watershed

Field Camps:
•    Konkan -
1.    Study of Inter-tidal Zone 2.    Study of Mangrove Ecosystem


[IV] Restoration and Conservation of Eco-systems
Rationale:
In this module, various case studies concerning conservation and restoration of eco-systems are discussed with students. The students also carry out actual restoration work on sites identified. They analyze problems, work out solutions and are encouraged to try them out. They work on stream restoration, slope and ravine restoration, erosion control, grassland and forest rejuvenation and get an opportunity to plan and participate in various land and water resources development schemes in villages and on private lands.

Objective:
The last module equips the students with tools & techniques of eco-system preservation. This essentially involves a soft engineering approach based on inter relationships in nature. These are essential elements of a holistic approach which basically involves consideration of non-human beings and minimum damage to natural systems. Various practices prevalent in other countries are discussed and the character of Indian conditions is emphasized. At the end of theoretical and practical work, the student is therefore, fully equipped to carry out projects of conservation and restoration of nature.

Contents:
•    Approaches to Restoration
•    Landscape Ecology and Restoration
•    Restoration of Land, Civil Engineering Works and Care for Nature
•    Restoration of Rivers, Streams, Lakes and Reservoirs
•    Integrated Aquatic Ecosystem Management
•    Restoration in the context of Sustainability
•    Globalization and Sustainability
•    Environmental Law

Practicals:
•    Study of Vegetation - Identification of Pioneer Plants
•    Panshet - Visit to Restored Land •    Landscape Interpretation

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